Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Hierarchical View of S2D Storage Fault Domains

You can view your storage fault domains by running the following command:

The problem is that this is just a flat view of everything in your S2D cluster.

If you want to view specific fault domains you can use the -Type parameter on Get-StorageFaultDomain.

For example, to view all the nodes you can run:
Get-StorageFaultDomain -Type StorageScaleUnit

The options for the type parameter are as follows:


This is in order from broadest to most specific. Most are self-explanatory.

  • Site represents different physical locations/datacenters.
  • Rack represents different racks in the datacenter.
  • Chassis isn't obvious at first. It's only used if you have blade servers and it represents the chassis that all the blade servers go into.
  • ScaleUnit is your node or your server.
  • Enclosure is if you have multiple backplanes or storage daisy chained to your server.
  • Disk is each physical the disk.

The default fault domain awareness is the storage scale unit. So data is distributed and made resilient across nodes. If you have multiple blade enclosures, racks or datacenters you can change this so that you can withstand the failure of any one of those things.

I'm not sure if you can or would want to change the fault domain awareness to StorageEnclosure or PhysicalDisk?

These fault domains are hierarchical. Disks belongs to an enclosure, an enclosure belongs to node (StorageScaleUnit), a node belongs to a chassis, a chassis belongs to rack and a racks belongs to site.

Since most people are just using node fault domains I made the following script to show your fault domains in a hierarchical layout beneath StorageScaleUnit. The operational status for each fault domain is included.

Get-StorageFaultDomain -Type StorageScaleUnit | %{Write-Host $Tab $Tab $_.FriendlyName - $_.OperationalStatus;$_ | Get-StorageFaultDomain -Type StorageEnclosure | %{Write-Host $Tab $Tab $Tab $Tab  $_.UniqueID - $_.FriendlyName  - $_.OperationalStatus;$_ | Get-StorageFaultDomain -Type PhysicalDisk | %{ Write-Host $Tab $Tab $Tab $Tab $Tab $Tab $_.SerialNumber - $_.FriendlyName - $_.PhysicalLocation - $_.OperationalStatus} } }

You could easily modify this to add another level if you utilize chassis, rack or site fault domain awareness.

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